- Revelation mixes three genres. It is, first, a prophecy. Most of these chapters are, in addition, a letter to seven churches.
- It is also an apocalypse. An apocalypse was a type of literature in which a heavenly being appears to a key earthly figure with a revelation about events soon to come.
- The author is John of Patmos, perhaps John the son of Zebedee.
- positive words about the past, admonition to return to their first love
|Entrance to marketplace at Ephesus|
Church at Symrna
|Ruins of Smyrna, in the middle of modern Izmir|
- nothing negative to say, they reject the synagogue of Satan
|Theater at Pergamum|
- they have remained true, but they are tolerating some who hold to false teaching
|Ruins at Thyatira|
- they're doing more than ever, but they tolerate a false prophetess or a false church
- The church is dead although there are some there alive.
|Gymnasium at Sardis|
|Little left at Philadelphia|
- only positive words to say about this church... God will make the synagogue of Satan acknowledge they are wrong
- the lukewarm church
|Reconstructing Laodicea, with Hierapolis in distance|
- "Here I am! I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in and eat with that person, and they with me." Rev. 3:20